Because of its proximity to Attica, the history of Kea is closely linked to that of Athens, and the island has been inhabited since the late Neolithic period. During the Persian invasion the Keans fought alongside the Athenians at both the battles of Salamis and Artemisium. The only Cyclades islands to fight on the side of the Greeks apart from Naxos were Kea, Kythnos and Tinos. The Parians prudently waited at Kythnos to come in on the winning side, and for this act of duplicity they were afterwards forced to pay a heavy indemnity by Athens.
It is a typical Cycladic island with a sandy coastline and mostly mountainous in the internal area. It could be named as the island of youth, but at the same time it offers a holiday to visitors of every age and financial status, since it has the appropriate structure and many interesting sights, able to cover every demand. Scenic bays adorn the coasts of the island with the 365 churches, the olive groves, the grapevines and the wonderful lucent atmosphere.
Travel writers seem to agree that Kythnos is the least interesting of all the Cyclades islands. It extremely barren with little to relieve the eye. This means that few foreigners travel there and it is a place where you can relax away from the crowds, even in the height of summer. Excavations have found a site dating back to the Early Neolithic or even the Mesolithic period, making it the oldest habitation yet found in the Cyclades. Much later the Ionians arrived on the island and founded the ancient city of Kythnos.
The Cycladic group of islands in the centre of the Aegean Sea is considered to be the most visited islands in all of Greece. These Greek islands, in general, have one thing in common: that is their gorgeous and spectacular beaches that become quite a craze especially during the summer time. People from different countries come to these beaches to relax, enjoy the crystal water and practice water sports under the warm Greek sun.
The beaches of Mykonos, Naxos and Paros especially offer the best water sport activities to its visitors. Windsurfing is a very popular sport in the Greek islands. You will see many athletes engaged in windsurfing, while amateurs can get lessons at the windsurfing clubs on the beaches. Windsurfing is so popular in the Greek islands because they are exposed to winds known as "meltemi," which are north easterly strong winds that blow frequently over Cyclades during the summer season. The winds are warm but sometimes they can get extremely fierce and dangerous. But generally these winds are extremely encouraging for windsurfing on the sea.
If you are at Mykonos Island, you will find that many beaches, especially on the southern side, are well organized and have water sports facilities. The wind that blows over these beaches, especially in the afternoon, is perfect for windsurfing and you can easily rent windsurfing equipment from the clubs at the beach. The island of Naxos Cyclades can be called a heaven for windsurfers. Northern winds blow over the island and thus give the opportunity of windsurfing. There are three popular beaches for wind surfers, Mikri Viglia, Saint. George and Plaka. Surfing conditions are safe and the waters are perfect for windsurfing, kite surfing or other water sports.
Paros Island is renowned all over the world as the best place for windsurfing. It was selected by the Professional Windsurfers Association (PWA) in 1993 to host the World Cup. Since that time each year, it has been hosting the prestigious World Cup at the New Golden Beach. This is the professional race for windsurfers. But the amateurs and those interested in windsurfing need not worry. There are two notable windsurfing clubs at the beach, both known for their experienced instructors.